Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) Deteriorate Beta-Cell Function and Escalate Insulin Resistance.

ROS action is generally beneficial. However, under diabetic conditions, chronic hyperglycemia and consequent augmentation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) deteriorate beta-cell function and escalate insulin resistance. This leads to an aggravation of type 2 diabetes. Additionally, chronic hyperglycemia and ROS are also involved in the development of atherosclerosis which is often observed under diabetic conditions. […]